BACKYARD SECRET: The honeybee can beat its wings approximately 11,400 times per minute and fly 15 miles per hour.
The coneflower’s value to wildlife is widely recognized. It is a source of food for native pollinators such as native bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. In addition, long after its blooms fade, American goldfinches and other birds feed on the plant’s prickly seeds.
Those of us that plant this plant in our gardens enjoy the beauty of it uniquely shaped, colorful flowers. However, according to many herbalists, the value of this plant to humans may go far beyond its pleasing appearance. It has been purported to be beneficial in treating a wide variety of ailments. For example, it has been reported that chemicals found in the coneflower a natural antibiotic and even enhance white blood cell counts.
While I cannot substantiate claims of its medicinal values, I can attest to its value to wildlife. This year, for example, my wife and I enjoyed watching bumblebees and carpenter bees daily visiting the blooms of coneflowers growing in our backyard. In addition, the flowers produced by these plants were particularly popular with common buckeyes. In fact, this year we saw more common buckeyes on coneflowers than any other plant growing in our backyard. Numerous times, a single flower hosted four or more buckeyes.
Remarkably, mourning dove nesting can take place in the Peach State throughout the entire year. The nesting season usually kicks off in south Georgia in February. Nesting is at its peak throughout the state from mid-May to July and normally winds down in mid-October.
On the average, a female mourning dove will nest three times during this long nesting season.
From now into autumn, untold millions of birds that nested throughout North America will be migrating southward to their wintering grounds. In fact, approximately 75 percent of the birds that nest across the length and breadth of the continent migrate.
Some of the migrants that nest in our backyards include the gray catbird, orchard oriole, Baltimore oriole, barn swallow, tree swallow, chimney swift, summer tanager, great crested flycatcher, wood thrush, and ruby-throated hummingbird.
Since the only honeybees most of us see are those that visit flowers foraging for pollen and nectar, it is natural to assume that this is the only task these tireless workers perform during their lives.
The truth of the matter is female workers begin their lives taking care of the tiny larvae in the hive. Then, when they reach the ripe old age of two to three weeks, they suddenly become for foragers and leave the confines of the hive to collect to food. Once they make this career change, they will perform this job throughout the rest of their lives.
The brown-headed cowbird does not build its own nest or raise its young. Instead, it lays its eggs in the nests of other birds and leaves the arduous job of raising its young up to them.
The brown-headed cowbird lays its eggs in the nests of more than two hundred species of birds. The list of birds parasitized by this nest parasite includes backyard favorites such as northern cardinals, brown thrashers, and northern mockingbirds.
In many cases, although their eggs look very different from the eggs of the unsuspecting host birds, the hosts accept them as their own. As such, they end up raising cowbird hatchlings along with their own young.
Interestingly, gray catbirds are rarely parasitized by brown-head-headed cowbirds. Biologists believe this is because, unlike far too many birds, catbirds seem to be able to distinguish color and size differences between their own eggs and those of the cowbird. As such, when a nesting catbird discovers a brown-headed cowbird egg in its nest, it unceremoniously removes it.