In January 2017, I published my second book entitled, A Journey of Discovery.  The book is a collection of stories about a wide variety of wildlife and plants ranging from the ruby-throated hummingbird and wild turkey to Queen Anne’s lace, and flowering dogwood.

If you enjoy this blog, you should also like the book. Click on the link A Journey of Discovery at the top of page to read the back cover of the book.

A Journey of Discovery may be purchased online at Amazon, Barnes and Noble or other online book retailer.  Signed copies can be bought at the Monroe County Reporter in Forsyth, Georgia and at The Bird Store in Macon, Georgia.

Front cover


Here is a list of ten things that you may not have known about the northern cardinal:male-northern-cardinal

  • In Georgia, the cardinal’s nesting season runs from early March through early July. During this time, a female may raise three broods.
  • Unlike many songbirds, both male and female cardinals are accomplished songsters.
  • Although we may think of the cardinal as being a bird of the South, during the past century this colorful songster has expanded its range over much of the eastern United States and Canada.
  • Cardinals typically live in territories ranging anywhere from three to ten acres in size.
  • The fastest speed ever recorded for the northern cardinal is 28 mph.
  • Cardinals can live at least thirteen years in the wild.
  • The oldest known captive cardinal lived to be twenty-eight and half years old when it died.
  • The northern cardinal is the official state bird of seven states (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Virginia, and West Virginia).
  • Early colonists once trapped and shipped thousands of northern cardinals back to Europe where they were subsequently sold as Virginia nightingales.
  • At one time Cardinals were slaughtered for their feathers, which were used to adorn women’s hats.





The Augusta Council of Garden Clubs,  in association with the National Garden Clubs, The Garden Club of Georgia and the Azalea District of the Garden Club of Georgia is presenting Course I of the Gardening Study School.  The school will be held  at Phinizy Swamp Nature Park September 23-24, 2016.

       This intensive course will focus  on a number of topics relating to the world in which we live including environmental issues, networking and outreach, plant biodiversity, backyard wildlife habitat, historical actions and leaders, ecology, environmental science and sustainability.

       I will be will be teaching the session on backyard wildlife habitats.  My talk will deal with all facets relating to creating and maintaining diverse populations of birds, wild pollinators and plants in backyard settings.

       Although the study school is designed for members of the Garden Club of Georgia wanting to attain recognition as an Accredited Environmental Consultant, the courses are open to the general public. For more information as to how you can  attend the section dealing with backyard wildlife habitats, or the entire course, contact:  Judith Kirkland at


Feeding Blue Birds


QUESTION: My wife and I have been watching a pair of bluebirds feeding their young in one of our nest boxes for nearly three weeks.  We have become concerned that perhaps one or more of the babies cannot get out, as it seems well past the time the young birds should have fledged.  What should we do?

ANSWER:   If I were you, I would not be concerned over the fate of the young bluebirds housed in your nesting box. I would just sit back and enjoy watching the adults bringing food to their rapidly growing brood.

Typically bluebirds will fledged when they are anywhere from 17 to 20 days old.  When they finally begin vacating the box, it can take two or more hours for all of the youngsters to leave.  However, it is not uncommon for one or two members of the brood to make their first flight the following day.