Here is my list of the three plants that should give you the best chance of attracting hummingbirds and butterflies to your yard this summer.
LANTANA – The variety I prefer is Miss Huff. This cultivar will produce flowers from late spring into fall. Additionally, it will survive winter when the thermometer plummets into the single digits.
Miss Huff will reach a height of four to five feet and will spread outward as far as you will allow it.
Throughout most summers, Miss Huff does not require any water. In fact, if you give it too much water, it will produce an abundance of foliage and fewer flowers.
The plant is carefree during the growing season. However, the tall canes should be removed over the winter.
BUTTERFLY BUSH – This shrub is a great addition to practically any yard. Although most butterfly bushes bear flowers ranging in color from purple, white, orange, yellow, to almost black.
In addition, miniature varieties can be grown in planters. This offers those of you that do not have very large yards or live in condominiums the opportunity to attract hummers and butterflies to your patios or other small spaces.
Deadheading spent blooms encourages the shrubs to continue producing crops of flowers all summer long.
In winter, it is a good idea to cut the shrubs back within a foot to a foot and a half of the ground.
Butterflies will nectar on butterfly bushes more often than will hummingbirds.
ZINNIAS – Zinnias are an old time garden favorites that are still extremely popular among gardeners. Butterflies seem to prefer flat-topped varieties as opposed to those with rounded flowers.
Plant this annual in bunches, as butterflies seem to be attracted more to mass plantings over single flowers planted here and there.
Deadhead the flowers and the plants will produce a new crop.
After flowering season has passed, do not cut down the spent plants. American goldfinches and other birds will eat the dry zinnia seeds.
Recently I had the honor of speaking at the Spring Garden Symposium in Plains. Plains Chautauqua, the Magnolia District of the Garden Club of Georgia, Inc., and the Rosalyn Carter Butterfly Trail sponsored this wonderful event.
One of the reasons I thoroughly enjoy making presentations such as this is that it gives me the opportunity to meet fantastic people that enjoy and appreciate nature. In addition, over the years, I have learned volumes about wildlife and plants from the folks that I meet at these events. Such was the case in Plains.
This time, a woman from Oglethorpe recounted to me something she witnessed taking place just outside her window that added to my knowledge about ruby-throated hummingbirds.
It seems that she just happened to notice a rubythroat fly up to a planter filled with various plants, including a cotton plant festooned with balls of cotton. As she watched, the hummingbird flew up to a cotton ball, dislodged a snippet of cotton fibers and fly off. She said she could not believe what she saw until the bird returned again and again for bits of cotton. I told her that I had never heard of a ruby-throated hummingbird collecting bits of cotton. I also said that I believe there is a good chance the bird was using the soft, white cotton fibers to line its nest.
A quick check of the literature revealed that rubythroats are known to line their nests with down collected from a number of plants such as milkweed, thistle, and ferns, but not cotton.
I am convinced that people throughout the state are harboring a wealth of information about wild plants and animals that is unknown to the scientific community. In this case, the woman that reported a hummingbird collecting cotton fibers may be the first or only person that has ever witnessed and reported this odd behavior.
I find it exciting to know that, even though we are living in the early twenty-first century, there are so many unsolved mysteries swirling around the natural world.
If you have ever seen something unusual such as this, please let me know. The knowledge you possess may help us better understand and appreciate the plants and animals with whom with share the world.
This is the time of year when backyard wildlife enthusiasts are hard at work gardening for wildlife. If you enjoy butterflies, you are probably sowing seeds or setting out plants that will attract these flying flowers.
For years, the goal of these efforts has been providing adult butterflies with dependable sources of nectar throughout as much of the year as possible. Nowadays butterfly gardeners are also planting host plants for these beautiful insects.
Host (also called caterpillar) plants are the plants that provide food butterfly caterpillars. While as a general rule, butterflies will eat nectar from a wide variety of sources, they only lay their eggs one a small number of plants. If a butterfly’s host plant(s) are not available in your yard or neighborhood, they will not lay their eggs there and your chances of seeing that particular species is reduced.
With that in mind, savvy butterfly gardeners are incorporating host plants into their gardens. Fortunately, it is extremely easy to provide the host plants used by the black swallowtail.
Black swallowtails lay their eggs on plants that are members of the Apiaceae family, which includes Queen Anne’s lace, carrots, fennel, parsley, and celery.
If you go ahead and plant any of these species in your yard right now, you have an excellent chance of having them used by black swallowtails this year.
Here is a planting tip: plant a bunch of whatever plants you choose. If you don’t, should a female black swallowtail lay her eggs on your plantings, the voracious caterpillars could easily eat the plants up before they become established.
Over the years, I have encountered eastern bluebirds nesting in a variety of locations, however, recently I was shown a bluebird nesting site like no other. Beyond a shadow of a doubt, it is the most colorful and unique nesting location I have ever come across.
This nesting box is situated in a forest of trees. This is not a forest of pines or hardwoods; this forest is composed of a kaleidoscope of more than 140 bottle trees. Dr. Jerry Payne, the creator of this fanciful forest, has dedicated one of his beautiful creations to the eastern bluebird. Bluebirds must have found this special tree as pleasing to their eyes as we do. During each of the three years the box has hung on a bottle tree nestled between an array of colorful bottles, bluebirds have successfully fledged young.
If you have encountered an unusual bluebird nesting site, I would like to hear about it.
The Grancy Graybeard, also known as the fringe tree, grandfather graybeard, snow flower tree, old man’s beard and a number of other colorful names is a perfect addition to both large and small yards across the state.
The grancy graybeard is one of the last flowering trees to bloom each spring in the Peach State. For the past couple of weeks, my wife and I have been enjoying both the tree’s strikingly beautiful blossoms and aroma produced by a myriad of flowers.
This small native tree grows only ten to thirty feet tall. I personally have never seen one more than fifteen feet tall.
Before the tree’s oblong leaves appear, a riot of snow-white flowers erupt on its bare branches. This startlingly beautiful floral show is created by literally thousands of slender flowers (up to an inch long and 1/16th of an inch wide). Oddly, the male flowers are larger than the female blooms.
If that isn’t enough to catch your attention, the delicate, sweet, clean perfume given off by these flowers will. When in full bloom, the delicate sweet scent of the blossoms will waft many yards away from the tree.
These unique blooms attract nectar feeders such as small beetles, bees and others.
Later in the year female trees, bear a crop of blackish-blue fruit that are gobbled up by mockingbirds, cardinals, blue jays and other wildlife.
In addition, this demure tree is a host plant for both rustic and laurel sphinx moths.
This tree requires little, if any care. Although it does best in moist, rich soils, once established it will grow in dry areas too. The tree’s ability to live in both partial shade and full sun is another plus.
With that in mind, I hope you will consider adding it to your landscape. This tree is definitely a keeper.
If you have ever been disappointed with an attempt to take a great close-up shot of a butterfly or flower, I have a suggestion that may help. This tip is especially helpful in eliminating shadows and enhancing the bright colors of your subject.
Begin by setting your camera on the Program mode. On my camera it is represented by the letter P. I then pop up the camera’s built-in flash and snap the picture.
The result is I eliminate any shadows that may be shrouding part or all of my subject. This also makes my subject seem to pop out from the background.
One thing to keep in mind is you need to be fairly close to your subject since most of these small flashes don’t effectively illuminate subjects more than six or so feet away.